Barton's Vegetable Materia Medica (1817-18)
William P. C. Barton. Vegetable
materia medica of the United States, or, Medical botany: containing a botanical,
general, and medical history, of medicinal plants indigenous to the United States:
illustrated by coloured engravings, made after original drawings from nature,
done by the author. Philadelphia: Printed and published by M. Carey &
Son, 1817-1818. 2 vols.
In his 1818 Philadelphia flora, William Barton cites
a few books by American authors, including his own two-volume work on medicinal
plants. As was the case with many early botanists, Barton was also a physician,
and served as a surgeon in the United States Navy.
In the text with his drawing
of Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree), he writes "This magnificent
tree may be considered not only as the pride and ornament of the American forest,
but as the most superb vegetable of the temperate zones" and that "the
bark of the tulip-tree is considerably stimulant."
In his 1818 Compendium, he says it is "On the borders of rich woods, and in fields; common."
Today it is the dominant forest tree in Fairmount Park.